10th Conference on Polar Meteorology and Oceanography


Manifestation of aerosol indirect effects in Arctic clouds

Dan Lubin, SIO/Univ. Of California, La Jolla, CA; and A. M. Vogelmann

The first indirect effect, or "Twomey" effect, has traditionally been conceived as an enhancement of shortwave cloud reflectance in response to decreased effective droplet size at fixed liquid water path, as cloud nucleating aerosol becomes entrained in the cloud. The high Arctic, with its pervasive low-level stratiform cloud cover and frequent episodes of anthropogenic aerosol (Artic "haze"), has in recent years served as a natural laboratory for research on actual manifestations of aerosol indirect effects. This paper will review the surprising set of developments: (1) the detection of the indirect effect as a source of surface warming, rather than cooling, throughout early spring, (2) a transition to a cooling effect in late spring, corresponding to the beginning of the sea ice melt season, and (3) detection of an indirect effect during summer, outside of the "Arctic haze" season. This paper will also discuss measurements of spectral shortwave irradiance (350-2200 nm) made at Barrow, Alaska, during the U.S. Department of Energy's Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC), which reveal complications in our conception of the indirect effect related to the ice phase in Arctic stratiform clouds.

wrf recording  Recorded presentation

Session 4, Polar Atmosphere (Aerosols-Radiation-Clouds)
Monday, 18 May 2009, 3:30 PM-5:00 PM, Capitol Ballroom AB

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