In simulation, ballistic photon models of the radiative transfer process adhere to the BLB law under the assumptions stated above; however, as shown in , even small deviations from the assumption of uncorrelated particle placement (that is, deviations from perfect randomness) can result in large deviations from this expected attenuation. The computational study completed in  further suggests that the deviations from the BLB law persist even if the spatial correlations are at scales much smaller than the characteristic lengths associated with the transmission. Thus it would appear that two scales are of physical relevance: a measure of correlation length / cluster size within the volume, and the quantity (cσ)-1, the mean free path length.
An easily parameterized relationship connecting deviations from BLB to statistical properties of the absorbers in a random medium would be of great utility in various fields. Recent efforts include attempts to describe deviations as a function of pair-correlation (or fractal dimension, or Stokes number), the size of the volume, and the classical optical depth. However, our study , also using a ballistic photon model of the transfer process, indicates that there are additional physical scales which must be taken in to consideration when trying to define such a relationship. In this presentation, we will describes the results from  and their implications, as well as discuss on-going numerical simulations.
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