3.6 Measurements of Orographic Cloud and Precipitation over Southern Baffin Island during STAR

Monday, 30 August 2010: 2:45 PM
Alpine Ballroom A (Resort at Squaw Creek)
Shannon Elizabeth Fargey, Centre for Earth Observation Science, Winnipeg, MB, Canada; and J. Hanesiak, R. Martin, J. W. Strapp, and M. Wolde

Forecasting the onset, duration and amount of precipitation associated with upslope flow in the Arctic is a continuing operational and modeling challenge. The harsh climate, complex topography and expense related to maintaining ground-based instruments make it difficult to collect data that contains the level of detail required to verify model output. During the recent Storm Studies in the Arctic (STAR) project (2007-2008), orographic cloud and precipitation were sampled in the eastern Canadian Arctic. The project focused on southern Baffin Island, Nunavut, which contains some of the highest mountains in Canada after the Rockies. Orographic cloud and precipitation was profiled using the National Research Council of Canada's (NRC) Convair-580 research aircraft. Data from five research flights are used to identify the physical processes associated with terrain induced or enhanced precipitation in a high latitude polar environment. Measurements from dual wavelength (W and X-band) Doppler radar detailed cloud dynamics and structure during events. Dropsondes were released in various regions, to characterize the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere both upstream and over topography. Using 2-D cloud particle imaging probes, a comprehensive investigation of the microphysical characteristics was completed, including: particle type, concentration and size. The presentation will highlight these STAR case studies.
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