One of challenging issues is an evaluation of mixed-phase clouds, which consist of water vapor, ice particles, and supercooled water droplets. It is known one of the main reasons why climate models reveal large errors about the reflection of solar radiation over the Southern Ocean and Arctic.
The purpose of this study is an evaluation and improvement of mixed-phase clouds over Southern Ocean in NICAM using a Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) and a satellite simulator. We evaluate thermodynamics phase of mixed phases clouds over the Southern Ocean between 45°S to 65°S and 170°E to 170°W following Yoshida et al. (2010) method. We investigate impacts of microphysical processes on the characteristics of super-cooled water clouds. We discuss how to improve super-cooled water clouds in a microphysics scheme of NICAM. And we introduce the impact of super-cooled water clouds on the climate sensitivity tests using NICAM.