80 Evaluations of Mixed-Phase Clouds over the Southern Ocean in NICAM Using Joint Simulator

Monday, 9 July 2018
Regency A/B/C (Hyatt Regency Vancouver)
Woosub Roh, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, Kashiwa-shi, Japan; and M. Satoh, T. Seiki, and T. Hashino

It is important to evaluate and improve the cloud properties in global non-hydrostatic models like a Nonhydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM, Satoh et al. 2014) using observation data. One of the methods is a radiance-based evaluation using satellite data and a satellite simulator (here Joint simulator, Hashino et al. 2013), which avoids making different settings of the microphysics between retrieval algorithms and NICAM.

One of challenging issues is an evaluation of mixed-phase clouds, which consist of water vapor, ice particles, and supercooled water droplets. It is known one of the main reasons why climate models reveal large errors about the reflection of solar radiation over the Southern Ocean and Arctic.

The purpose of this study is an evaluation and improvement of mixed-phase clouds over Southern Ocean in NICAM using a Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) and a satellite simulator. We evaluate thermodynamics phase of mixed phases clouds over the Southern Ocean between 45°S to 65°S and 170°E to 170°W following Yoshida et al. (2010) method. We investigate impacts of microphysical processes on the characteristics of super-cooled water clouds. We discuss how to improve super-cooled water clouds in a microphysics scheme of NICAM. And we introduce the impact of super-cooled water clouds on the climate sensitivity tests using NICAM.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner