140 Land Surface All-Wave and All-Sky Radiation Estimation Based on Remotely Sensed Measurements

Monday, 9 July 2018
Regency A/B/C (Hyatt Regency Vancouver)
Tianxing Wang, Institute of remote sensing and digital earth, CAS, Beijing, China; and J. Shi and L. husi

Shortwave (SW, 0.3-3μm) and longwave radiation (LW, 4.0-50 μm) are key components for total surface energy balance. Recent years, although tremendous attempts have been carried out for deriving surface SW and LW radiation based on remote sensing measurements, almost none of popular land and /or hydrology model can directly use these space-based radiation as their inputs. The main reason is the spatial and temporal discontinuity of the retrieved space-based radiation products, which, for a long time, is a big problem in radiation budget community. A vast majority of existing studies are only restricted to estimating radiation under clear-sky conditions due to the limited penetration of optical remote sensing for optically thick clouds. To this end, the main purpose of this study is focusing on developing algorithm to physically fuse multiple measurements of MODIS, AIRS/AMSU and AMSR-E to derived spatio-temporally continuous surface SW and LW radiation.

For cloudy-sky LW radiation, a strategy to combine the Land surface temperatures(LST) of MODIS and AMSR-E was proposed by considering the cloud coverage and the different surface penetration depth of the microwave and optical wavelengths. After fusing, a spatially continuous LST data was obtained and the corresponding surface LW upwelling radiation under all skies was then derived given the broadband emissivity. For longwave downward radiation (LWDR), a similar fusion method was employed to obtain atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles under cloudy-sky conditions by integrating MODIS and AIRS/AMSU atmospheric products. After that, the cloud thermal contribution and the LW contribution of sub-cloud layer were determined.

For cloudy-sky SW radiation, a look-up table was constructed based on numerus radiative transfer simulations, wherein, the cloud optical depth, cloud height and cloud phase were fully considered.

Finally, the all-sky SW and LW radiation was estimated by further combining the clear-sky radiation derived based on an artificial neuron network model.

The SURFRAD in situ radiation measurements, CERES and CloudSat products are selected to validate the derived surface downward and upwelling radiation under all-sky conditions. The verification results show that the newly developed strategies work rather well and derived all-sky radiation with better accuracy at a high resolution of 1-km.

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