The current uninterrupted 40-year total solar irradiance (TSI) climate data record is the result of several overlapping instruments flown on different missions. Measurement continuity, required to link successive instruments to the existing data record to discern long-term trends makes this important climate data record susceptible to loss in the event of a gap in measurements. While improvements in future instrument accuracy will reduce the risk of a gap, the 2017 launch of The Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS-1) to the International Space Station (ISS) ensures continuity of the total solar irradiance record into the next decade. Establishing a record of solar spectral irradiance (SSI) presents its own unique challenges. It is anticipated that the TSIS-1 SSI measurements will have lower uncertainty due lessons learned from previous missions.
This talk will summarize the importance of highly accurate and stable observations of solar irradiance for understanding the present climate epoch and for predicting future climate; why continuity in the solar irradiance data record is required; improvements in the TSIS Total and Spectral Irradiance Monitors, including verification of their calibration using ground-based NIST-traceable cryogenic standards; how these improvements will impact Sun-climate studies in the near future; and challenges to making these observations from the ISS.