JP4.3 The lifetime and longitudinal variation of the Kelvin waves around the tropopause and the upper troposphere in the tropic

Tuesday, 9 June 2009
Stowe Room (Stoweflake Resort and Confernce Center)
Junko Suzuki, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan; and M. Shiotani, N. Nishi, R. Shirooka, and M. Yoshizaki

Using the ECMWF 40-year reanalysis data for zonal wind field we have investigated the characteristic variability and the mean lifecycle of the Kelvin waves around the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) and the upper troposphere. The Kelvin wave disappearance locations concerning to the appearance longitude are also investigated at 200 and 100 hPa. At 200 hPa the Kelvin waves are most concentrated in the region named the case W in the western hemisphere. At 100 hPa the most frequency region named the case E is centered on the eastern hemisphere.

The mean lifecycle and its relation to the background conditions for the Kelvin waves are analyzed with a composite method. In the case W for the typical example in the upper troposphere, the convections over the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific might be main energy source for the Kelvin waves. The Kelvin wave propagates eastward through the westerly basic wind, decreases over South America, and then goes faster to the east. The vertical structure has the divergence in the upper and middle troposphere and the weak convergence in the lower troposphere tilting toward the east following the time.

In the case E for the typical example in the TTL, the Kelvin wave propagates through the easterly basic wind and then decreases over the region between the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific. The Kelvin waves signal continuously over the South America from the region suggested that some of Kelvin waves firstly recognized as the case W at 200 hPa propagate upward and eastward over near the South America, and then they reach at 100 hPa as the case E. The Kelvin waves included in the cases W and E might be convectively coupled for a few days after they appear at 200 and 100 hPa, respectively. The temperature anomalies show the “boomerang”-like vertical structure during associated with the convection.

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