J4C.6 Impact Analysis on Wind Flow by Urban Development: Numerical Experiment Using CFD_NIMR_SNU Model

Tuesday, 3 August 2010: 11:45 AM
Torrey's Peak I&II (Keystone Resort)
Kyoungmi Cho, National Institute of Meteorological Research, Seoul, Korea, Republic of (South); and H. J. Koo, K. R. Kim, and Y. J. Choi

Newly constructed, high-rise dense building areas by urban development can cause changes in local wind fields. Wind fields were analyzed to assess the impact on the local meteorology due to the land use changes during the urban redevelopment called “Eunpyeong new town” in north-western Seoul using CFD_NIMR_SNU (Computational Fluid Dynamics_National Institute of Meteorological Research_Seoul National University) model. In the case of the pre-construction with low rise built-up area, it was simulated that the spatial distribution of horizontal wind fields depends on the topography and wind direction of initial inflow. But, in the case of the post-construction with high rise built-up area, it was analyzed that the wind field was affected by high rise buildings as well as terrain. High-rise buildings can generate new circulations among buildings. In addition, small size vortexes were newly generated by terrain and high rise buildings after the construction. As high-rise buildings act as a barrier, we found that the horizontal wind flow was separated and wind speed was reduced behind the buildings. CFD_NIMR_SNU was able to analyze the impact of high-rise buildings during the urban development. With the support of high power computing, it will be more common to utilize sophisticated numerical analysis models such as CFD_NIMR_SNU in evaluating the impact of urban development on wind flow or channel.
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