7.4 Incorporation of Pacific SSTs in a time series model towards a longer-term forecast for the Great Salt Lake elevation

Wednesday, 20 July 2011: 11:15 AM
Salon C (Asheville Renaissance)
Robert Gillies, Utah State University, Logan, UT; and O. Y. Chung, S. Y. Wang, and P. Kokoszka
Manuscript (40.5 kB)

A recent study identified a pronounced lagged relationship between the Great Salt Lake's (GSL) elevation and the central-tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures (SST) at the 10-15 year timescale. Using this relationship, a principal component analysis of historical time series of SST and local precipitation (P) was used in the construction of a lagged regression model to predict first the GSL elevation tendency, and from there the GSL elevation. The combined principal component-lagged regression model was able to replicate and forecast turnarounds in the GSL elevation, i.e. where prolonged increasing trends were followed by persistent decreases, and vice versa. The coupling of the two time series is somewhat different from previous nonparametric, nonlinear time series methods developed for shorter-term (1-2 year) forecasts of the GSL volume. Moreover, by not accounting for interannual variability in the model, a forecast for up to 8 years was feasible and was shown to intersect the 2009 and 2010 observations of the GSL elevation.

Supplementary URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/2010JHM1352.1

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