10.1 A stochastic parameterization of the gravity waves due to convection and impact on the equatorial stratosphere

Thursday, 20 June 2013: 1:30 PM
Viking Salons DE (The Hotel Viking)
Francois Lott, CNRS, Paris, France; and E. Manzini and L. Guez

A formalism is proposed to represent the gravity waves due to convection in a General Circulation Model that includes a well resolved stratosphere. It is based on a stochastic approach, where an ensemble of monochromatic waves is built up, by launching few waves at each time step, and by cumulating the effect of these waves via an AR1 relation between the GWs tendency at a given time step and that at the next time step. Some properties of each waves are chosen randomly, like their wavenumbers and frequencies and with fixed probability distribution. Their amplitude is directly related to the precipitations, translating them in heating rates and using linear theory to predict the gravity waves these heating rates produce.

First, off-line tests are done using re-analysis and global precipitations data. They illustrate that the scheme launches GWs momentum fluxes that are much more erratic then when uniform sources are considered. This makes that the scheme has a tendency to act at lower level then when uniform sources are considered. We then verify that the parameterization, when applied to a General Simulation Model (GCM) with high vertical resolution in the stratosphere (δ z ≈ 500m)is able to produce a Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), without being detrimental to other aspects of the model climatology, like the Semi-Annual Oscillation (SAO) or the mid-latitudes. -2013-->

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