5A.2 Adaptive Localization for Satellite Radiance Observations in Global and Regional Models

Tuesday, 14 January 2020: 10:45 AM
259A (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
Lili Lei, Nanjing Univ., Nanjing, China; and J. S. Whitaker, J. Anderson, and Z. M. Tan

Localization is essential to effectively assimilate satellite radiances in ensemble Kalman filters. However, the vertical location and separation from a model grid point variable for a radiance observation are not well-defined, which results in complexities when localizing the impact of radiance observations. An adaptive method is proposed to estimate an effective vertical localization independently for each assimilated channel of every satellite platform. It uses sample correlations between ensemble priors of observations and state variables from a cycling data assimilation to estimate the localization function that minimizes the sampling error. The estimated localization functions are approximated by three localization parameters: the localization width, maximum value, and vertical location of the radiance observations.

Adaptively estimated localization parameters are used in assimilation experiments with the NCEP GFS model and the WRF model. Results show that using the adaptive localization width and vertical location for radiance observations is more beneficial than also including the maximum localization value. The experiment using the adaptively estimated localization width and vertical location performs better than the default GC experiment, and produces similar errors to the optimal GC experiment. The adaptive localization parameters can be computed during the assimilation procedure, so the computational cost needed to tune the optimal GC localization width is saved.

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