9B.2 Fusion of AIRS and CrIS Hyperspectral Data Using a Spectral Fingerprinting Method

Wednesday, 15 January 2020: 1:45 PM
255 (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
Xu Liu, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA

We have developed a radiometrically consistent spectral fingerprinting method to derive climate change signals from Aqua AIRS/AMSU and S-NPP CrIS/ATMS data. The climate variables include temperature and water vapor profiles, cloud, trace gases, and surface skin temperature. The radiative kernels obtained via a single field of view physical retrieval algorithm under all-sky conditions. A key component to this work is a Principal Component-based Radiative Transfer Model (PCRTM). It is 4 orders of magnitude faster than a line-by-line radiative transfer model while keeping a similar accuracy (0.03 K RMS errors with close to zero bias). The PCRTM includes multiple scattering of clouds and non-thermodynamics equilibrium of CO2 in the RT calculations. Instead of quantifying the radiometric differences between AIRS/AMSU and CrIS/ATMS measurements directly using Simultaneous Nadir Overpass (SNO) or Double Difference Technique (DDT), we use the radiometric consistent fingerprinting scheme to derive two sets of space-time averaged anomalies from the Level 1 data of AIRS/AMSU and CrIS/ATMS. The derived anomalies in geophysical space will form a long-term, stable, and continuous climate data record. We can further infer the causes of any offset or drift by studying the differences between two overlapping data sets. For example, the offset in surface skin temperature anomaly time series will most likely caused by the Blackbody temperature calibration errors of the sounder instruments.
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