7.4 Impact Based Forecast for the Canadian Armed Forces: from a Deterministic to a Probabilistic Approach.

Wednesday, 15 January 2020: 2:15 PM
153C (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
David Degardin, MSC, OROMOCTO, NB, Canada; and M. F. Turcotte, M. A. Lebel, G. Dunsworth, C. Marshall, and J. Prime

Within the frame of its mandate, the Environment Canada and Climate Change’s Applied Development Cell, which provides support to the Joint Meteorological Centre, has defined a project to meet the Canadian Armed Forces' (CAF) needs, for environmental forecasting (meteorological and oceanographic) and the related impacts on their operations. Operations lead by CAF are multidisciplinary by nature, cover a wide variety of geographical areas and can span variable durations. They are prepared in advance and are refined as additional information becomes available. These aspects constitute a challenge regarding the development of a decision-support tool that meets the various requirements associated with these missions from the initial planning to the final deployments. Both the Meteorological Service of Canada transformation initiative and the “Data Centric Approach” promoted by the Canadian Forces Weather and Oceanographic Service have inspired this Situational Awareness project, from which the Consolidated Weather Impact Chart (CWIC) is a first product. Based on the concept of a seamless suite of systems providing a seamless suite of data, post-processing of deterministic and probabilistic models outputs in their respective fields of excellence, are applied to create “on demand” consolidated weather impact charts. The inclusion of probabilistic outputs aim to provide the user a tool with information of likelihood and impact for a specific mission/operation while keeping a consistent communication format. Both the National Severe Weather Warning Service weather impact matrix developed by the UK Met Office, which combines likelihood and impacts and the Extreme Forecast Index (EFI) formulated by ECMWF, which characterize the abnormality of forecasted events with respect to the model-climate, have been used for deriving two probabilistic versions of the CWIC product. Preliminary results have highlighted its capability to bring support for a wide spectrum of customers’ needs due to the integration of adjustable thresholds, which were a requested feature from the early stage of the initial project concept. The expected final delivery of this project aims to offer a smart, dynamic, and user-friendly access to a database of state-of-the-art numerical environmental predictions through multiple communication media such as internal webpages or by taking advantage of either GIS or Web Mapping Service capabilities. Thereby, users will be able to produce, "on-the-fly", tailored decision-aid products by manipulating relevant fields in order to take into account the known vulnerabilities for a given situation.
- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner