5B.2 Data Assimilation for Continuous Global Assessment of Severe Conditions over Terrestrial Surfaces: LDAS-Monde Status and Current Developments

Tuesday, 14 January 2020: 8:45 AM
253A (Boston Convention and Exhibition Center)
C. Albergel, CNRM, Toulouse, France; and Y. Zheng, E. Dutra, B. Bonan, C. S. Draper, S. Munier, N. Rodríguez-Fernández, G. Balsamo, P. de Rosnay, J. Muñoz-Sabater, D. Fairbairn, and J. C. Calvet

This study investigates the capability of LDAS-Monde global offline land data assimilation system to monitor and forecast the impact of extreme events such as heatwaves and droughts on the Land Surface Variables (LSVs). LDAS-Monde is driven by ERA-5 atmospheric forcing from ECMWF and is able to ingest information from satellite-derived surface soil moisture (SSM) and leaf area index (LAI) observations to constrain the interactions between soil–biosphere–atmosphere (ISBA, Interactions between Soil, Biosphere and Atmosphere) land surface model (LSM) coupled with the CNRM (Centre National de Recherches Météorologiques) version of the Total Runoff Integrating Pathways (ISBA-CTRIP) continental hydrological system. SSM and LAI observations are assimilated using a simplified extended Kalman filter (SEKF), which uses finite differences from perturbed simulations to generate flow dependence between the observations and the model control variables.

A global 2010-2018, 0.25°x0.25º spatial resolution, reanalyses of the LSVs is first evaluated thanks to global estimates of SSM, LAI (both from CGLS), evapotranspiration (from the GLEAM project), Gross Primary Production (GPP from the FLUXCOM project), Sun Induced Fluorescence (SIF from GOME2 satellite) as well as several in situ measurements dataset like soil moisture, river discharge, and flux measurements (fluxnet2015). This 9-yr global reanalysis is then used to provide a model climate as reference for anomalies of the land surface conditions. Significant anomalies are used to trigger more detailed monitoring as well as forecasting activities for regions of interest using LDAS-Monde. 19 regions across the globe known for being potential hot spots for droughts and heat waves were investigated for 2018. Two of them, presenting particularly large negative anomalies of SSM and LAI in 2018 were further analysed, namely Western Europe and the Murray-Darling river basin in southeastern Australia. For them, LDAS-Monde has been operated forced by ECMWF IFS high resolution atmospheric analysis leading to a 0.1°x0.1° reanalysis of the LSVs. It complements the coarse resolution LDAS-Monde operated using ERA5. ECMWF IFS forecast capacity with a 10 day lead time initialised by LDAS-Monde analysis for the year 2018 is also presented. It highlights LDAS-Monde capacity to monitor the land surface conditions at global scale and to trigger on demand higher spatial resolution monitoring and forecasting activities for a region of interest.

This work also investigates the possibility of assimilating other types of observations than SSM and LAI, such as Vegetation Optical Depth (VOD) thanks to its relationship to LAI and presents an evaluation of LDAS-Monde against state-of-the-art reanalysis such as The National Climate Assessment-Land Data Assimilation System (NCA-LDAS) and the Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2).

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner