How does the afternoon decay in the lower troposphere happen, when the surface sensible heat flux start to sharply decrease ? How do the scales of the motions and transfers change ? What is the impact on the chemical closure and transport of trace gases and aerosols ? How to properly represent those processes in the meteorological models ?
An international group is working on those issues by use of observations and numerical simulations, in order to improve our understanding and representation of the turbulent processes of the boundary-layer late afternoon transition. The roles of surface heterogeneity, entrainment at the boundary layer top, large scale subsidence, radiative effects, advection and gravity waves are studied.
Due to the large lack of observations during this phase, a field campaign was organized in the vicinity of a 60-m instrumented tower of Laboratoire d'Aérologie, near the Pyrenees ridge in Southwest France, from 14 June to 8 July 2011. This experiment puts together complementary observation resources, in order to obtain an exhaustive description of the boundary-layer dynamical processes, its vertical structure, and the spatial variability related to surface heterogeneity. Continuous measurements (UHF radar and sodar wind profilers, lidars, ground stations), and intensive observations with aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, tethered balloons and radiosoundings were used. Particular emphasis was placed to bridge the different spatial scales with an integrated analysis of the observations and a complete numerical model hierarchy.
This presentation will give an overview of the field experiment, with an emphasis on specific and innovative instrumental aspects, and with some preliminary results, introducing various contributions of BLLAST participants that will be shown along the 20th BLT conference.