5.3 Vertical Velocity in the Gray Zone

Tuesday, 27 June 2017: 8:45 AM
Salon F (Marriott Portland Downtown Waterfront)
Nadir Jeevanjee, GFDL, Princeton, NJ

Though it is now commonplace to run non-hydrostatic atmospheric models in the "gray zone", wherein the horizontal resolution is too high for the hydrostatic approximation to hold but too low to fully resolve convection, it is not always clear at what resolution vertical velocities should converge, or how this convergence might differ for a hydrostatic model. In this talk we present analytical formulae for vertical accelerations as a function of resolution which "map" the gray zone, giving a sense of where and how vertical velocities should converge, and which also quantify how hydrostatic models over-estimate vertical velocities and fail to converge at high resolution. We validate our results with numerical simulations, and give intuition for them in terms of Davies-Jones's "effective buoyancy" and the closely related "buoyancy pressure" of Jeevanjee and Romps.
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