11.2 A Coupled Model of Interior Balanced and Boundary Flows

Thursday, 29 June 2017: 8:45 AM
Salon F (Marriott Portland Downtown Waterfront)
William K Dewar, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL; and B. Deremble and E. Johnson

  1. Ocean circulation modeling requires parameterizations of sub-grid scale processes, which in turn involves two separate issues. First, the parameterization should mirror the effect of important sub-grid dynamics and second, constants and boundary conditions as required by the parameterization must be determined. In modern ocean circulation modeling, many parameterizations take the form of viscous operators with poorly known coefficients, and the boundary conditions options are free-slip, partial-slip or no-slip, suitably adjusted for the order of the operator. The extent to which viscous operators are dynamically apt is unclear and there is virtually no guidance on how to choose between the boundary conditions. Often the decision about the suitability of the parameterizations and the boundary conditions is made based on qualitative characteristics of the solution, which is somewhat subjective. Here, a dynamical boundary layer model is developed that explicitly determines the boundary potential vorticity fluxes resulting from the sub-grid scale interactions of the resolved flow with the boundaries. When applied to a quasi-geostrophic model, comparisons of model evolution with high resolution primitive equation simulations are favorable. The recipe outlined here, while far from a complete parameterization of boundary dynamics, represents a step towards resolving the current sub-grid scale parameterization dilemma. The results also argue that boundary dynamics naturally dissipate balanced energy and may represent a principle means by which the ocean mesoscale energy budget is balanced.

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