9.4 Diversified Effects of Air-Sea Interaction on Shaping the Madden-Julian Oscillation in Nature and Models

Wednesday, 17 August 2016: 2:45 PM
Lecture Hall (Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center)
Joshua Xiouhua Fu, Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI; and W. Wang and T. Shinoda

Coherent evolutions between the MJO and underlying SST have long been observed and many modeling studies have been conducted to assess the roles of air-sea interaction on MJO simulation and forecasting. Although majority of these studies supports that air-sea interaction improves the simulation of the MJO in terms of coherence, intensity and propagation, we still don't understand why the effect of air-sea interaction varies event-by-event in nature and the response of the MJO to air-sea interaction is strong in some models, but very weak even negative in other models.

Case study with the October-MJO and November-MJO during the DYNAMO/CINDY period have been conducted to show that the former is largely controlled by internal dynamics, while the later strongly rely on active air-sea interaction. In order to understand the diversified responses of models to air-sea interaction, a series of hindcast experiments were carried out with the NCEP GFS under three different SST forces (Climatology, NCDC, and TMI) with three different cumulus parameterizations (RAS, SAS, SAS2) during DYNAMO/CINDY period. It is found that model MJO responses to air-sea interaction strongly depend on the accuracy of the intraseasonal SST anomaly and the sensitivity of cumulus parameterizations to underlying SST forcing. Pathway on further understanding the diversified effects of air-sea interaction on the MJO will be discussed too.

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