The results indicate that PPCG storms tend to have larger updrafts (both wider and larger in volume), which is consistent with previous studies. Large updrafts and enhanced vertical vorticity also play an important role in the production of large hail. Furthermore, low-level negative charge (below a larger region of positive charge) was observed in the cases that produced positive CG lightning, which may be the impetus needed for the flash to come to ground. This lower negative charge, in essence, represents the lowest charge layer of an inverted tripolar charge structure. The charge structures observed during the production of negative CG lightning were a normal tripole (with negative charge situated between upper and lower positive charge layers) on 19 June and an inverted dipole (with negative charge above positive) in the anvil on 22 June. Cloud-to-ground flash rates (of either polarity) decreased when either the lower charge layer of the corresponding tripolar structure was absent, or when the low-level charge layer exhibited an enhanced number of LMA sources, in which case intra-cloud (IC) discharges seemed to be preferred between the two lowest charge layers of the tripole.