In Part 2, we explore whether the model can statistically reproduce these low-level rotation differences within the sounding groups: that is, is the rotation strength of the significantly tornadic RUC-2 supercell soundings, in the group mean, significantly greater than the rotation strength of the weakly tornadic and non-tornadic RUC-2 supercell soundings? Such a relationship would increase confidence that the sounding parameters believed to be important in strong low-level rotation in supercells (such as 0-1 km AGL SREH, lowest 100-mb mean parcel LCL height, and lowest 100-mb mean parcel CAPE) can be reproduced in storm-scale models, for the purposes of storm-scale forecasts. Furthermore, using a multiple regression model, this study provides a unique opportunity to improve our understanding of how these sounding parameters individually and jointly influence low-level rotation strength and longevity.
This study is funded in part by the National Science Foundation (AGS-0843269). Simulations were conducted on NCSA's Dell PowerEdge Linux Clusters.