Monday, 28 April 2008: 2:15 PM
Floral Ballroom Jasmine (Wyndham Orlando Resort)
It is frequently observed in field experiments that the eddy covariance heat fluxes are systematically underestimated as compared to the available energy. The flux imbalance problem is investigated using the NCAR's large eddy simulation (LES) model imbedded with an online scheme to calculate Reynolds averaging fluxes. A top-down and a bottom-up tracer are implemented into the LES model to quantify the influence of entrainment and bottom-up diffusion processes on flux imbalance. The results show that the flux imbalance follows a set of fitted functions which capture the exponential decreasing dependence on ug/w*, where ug and w* are geostrophic wind and the convective velocity scale, respectively, and an elliptic relationship to z/zi, where zi is the mixing layer height. The source location in the boundary layer is an important factor controlling the imbalance magnitude and its horizontal and vertical distributions. The flux imbalance of the heat and the bottom-up tracer is tightly related to turbulent coherent structures, whereas for the top-down diffusion, such relations are weak to nonexistent. Our results are broadly consistent with previous studies on the flux imbalance problem, suggesting that the published results are robust and are not artifact of numerical schemes.
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