28 Can we Estimate the Fog-top Height from Atmospheric Turbulent Measurements at Surface?

Monday, 20 June 2016
Alta-Deer Valley (Sheraton Salt Lake City Hotel)
C. Román-Cascón Sr., University Complutense of Madrid (UCM), Madrid, Spain, Spain; and C. Yagüe Sr., G. J. Steeneveld, M. Sastre, J. A. Arrillaga, and G. Maqueda

The knowledge of the fog-top height (fog thickness) can be very important for aircraft maneuvers, data assimilation/validation of Numerical Weather Prediction models or to improve the nowcasting of the fog-dissipation time. Nevertheless, its value is usually difficult to determine and it is normally approximated with satellite data, ground remote-sensing instruments or through its estimation using temperature and humidity data from atmospheric soundings. These instruments are expensive and their data are not always available.

In this work, we show how the fog-top height has a linear correlation with atmospheric turbulent variables measured close to the surface. These relations are statistically calculated from high-quality observational data of several radiation-fog events at two research sites: The Research Centre for the Lower Atmosphere (CIBA) in Spain and the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) in The Netherlands. Thus, surface friction velocity and buoyancy heat flux are presented as potential indicators of fog thickness.

The presented correlations are also evaluated over a long-lasting radiation-fog event at CESAR. The proposed methods could be operationally implemented for providing a continuous estimation of fog-top height through the deployment of a sonic anemometer close to the surface.

- Indicates paper has been withdrawn from meeting
- Indicates an Award Winner