In this work, we show how the fog-top height has a linear correlation with atmospheric turbulent variables measured close to the surface. These relations are statistically calculated from high-quality observational data of several radiation-fog events at two research sites: The Research Centre for the Lower Atmosphere (CIBA) in Spain and the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) in The Netherlands. Thus, surface friction velocity and buoyancy heat flux are presented as potential indicators of fog thickness.
The presented correlations are also evaluated over a long-lasting radiation-fog event at CESAR. The proposed methods could be operationally implemented for providing a continuous estimation of fog-top height through the deployment of a sonic anemometer close to the surface.