Tuesday, 21 June 2016: 2:15 PM
Bryce (Sheraton Salt Lake City Hotel)
High-resolution ground-based measurements are used to assess the realism of fine-scale numerical simulations of shallow cumulus cloud fields. The overlap statistics of cumuli as produced by large-eddy simulations (LES) are confronted with Cloudnet data sets at the Jülich Observatory for Cloud Evolution. The Cloudnet pixel is small enough to detect cumuliform cloud overlap. Cloud fraction masks are derived for five different cases, using gridded time-height data sets at various temporal and vertical resolutions. The overlap ratio (R), i.e., the ratio between cloud fraction by volume and by area, is studied as a function of the vertical resolution. Good agreement is found between R derived from observations and simulations. An inverse linear function is found to best describe the observed overlap behavior, confirming previous LES results. Simulated and observed decorrelation lengths are smaller (∼300 m) than previously reported (>1 km). A similar diurnal variation in the overlap efficiency is found in observations and simulations. Further investigation of the overlap in LES suggests a strong dependency on the cloud height, much more so than on the cloud area. The contributions of shear and the fractal shape of the clouds to the overlap are discussed.
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