Quad-Doppler radar analyses of the wind and reflectivity fields will be presented in order to study the physical processes associated with the evolution of the bow echo. Dynamically-retrieved perturbation pressure fields will be presented to investigate the forcing of the rear-to-front flow.
A Lagrangian spiral descent was executed between the 10 and +8 °C levels by the NOAA P-3 aircraft approximately 25 km behind the convective cells at the apex of the bow echo during the period when the bow echo was rapidly developing. Cloud and precipitation optical array probes aboard the NOAA P-3 aircraft revealed that ice particles were present down to +7 °C within the descending RIJ. Estimations of mass and reflectivity from the probe data will be presented and compared with aircraft radar reflectivity measurements. These are used to calculate latent cooling from evaporation, sublimation and melting using a 1-D parcel model.