Dual-Doppler radar analysis using MP-X and CHUO (Fig. 1) was conducted to retrieve three-dimensional wind field from 12:00 to 12:30 Japan Standard Time (JST) every 5 minutes with 1 km resolution in horizontal and 0.25 km in vertical. The reflectivity and storm-relative wind filed at a height of 2 km were indicated in Fig. 2. A hook echo and strong vertical vorticity over 0.004 s-1 were observed from 1200 to 1230 JST. The isolated thunderstorm maintained until 1330 JST Four combinations of observational parameters to be nudged to CReSS were (1) horizontal wind below 3 km in height (experimental name: UV ), (2) mixing ratio of rain estimated by reflectivity (R), (3) both horizontal wind below 3 km in height and mixing ratio of rain estimated by reflectivity (UVR), (4) same as (3) except that initial vapor filed in the region where the observed reflectivity was over 0 dBZ was forced to be saturated (UVR-QV0). All the experiments of CReSS were performed with a horizontal resolution of 1 km and 45 vertical levels. Forecasts of Japan meteorological agency meso-scale model (JMA-MSM) which has a 5 km resolution in horizontal were used as initial and boundary conditions for the CReSS. Integration of CReSS was conducted from 1200 to 1500 JST. Nudging procedure was performed from 12:00 JST to 12:30 JST.
Mixing ratios of rain and horizontal velocities at a height of 3 km in four experiments at 1230 and 1300 JST were shown in Fig. 3. In experiment UV, strong vertical vorticity maintained until 1300 JST, however heavy rain disappeared just after 1230 JST. In experiment R, heavy rain maintained until 1300 JST, however strong vertical vorticity was not simulated. In experiment UVR, heavy rain and strong vertical vorticity were maintained until 1300 JST, however they disappeared around 1310 JST. In experiment UVR-QV0, heavy rain and strong vertical vorticity were maintained until 1330 JST because the strong cooling of rain evaporation was reduced around initial time.
The nudging procedure of CReSS using multiparameter radar dataset could provide short-range forecast within 1 hour and a half using mixing ratio of rain and horizontal wind fields below 3 km in height. The mixing ratio of rain estimated by KDP will be nudged to this nudging system and the effect will be compared with the present result.