34th Conference on Radar Meteorology


ARMOR and MAX Radar Observations and Dual-Doppler Synthesis of the Lake Breeze Generated By a Small Anthropogenic Lake

Salvi Asefi, University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL; and K. Knupp, R. M. Welch, and D. Phillips

The present study reports the analysis of radar observations of the lake breeze front from a small lake. The ARMOR (Advanced Radar for Meteorological and Operational Research) facility at Huntsville International Airport is located about 30 km distance from the lake. ARMOR observations showed that during synoptic condition of low wind and high pressure a lake-breeze circulation forced by Wheeler Reservoir generates significant flow perturbations in the convective boundary layer which sometimes are significant enough to produce convective initiation, cloud formation and precipitation.

Close investigation of archived ARMOR observations of May 2005, 2006 and 2007 showed that lake breeze front may develop either on the north or the south side of Wheeler Lake, and occasionally on both sides. Sometimes the lake breeze develops mesoscale circulations along the lake that trace the detailed shape of the lake, and other times circulations develop in scattered patches. Sometimes the lake breeze persists for extended periods of time, sometimes it appears to be stationary, other times it advects away, and sometimes convective initiation is followed by cumulus cloud formation and precipitation. The goal was to understand the reasons for these various scenarios.

ARMOR radar radial velocity measurements provided the means to understand the various aspects of the lake breeze front development and dissipation. Specifically, the lake-breeze formation, size, orientation, strength and stability has a direct association to the direction and strength of the background wind versus the orientation of the lake as well as temperature gradient.

In order to better understand the behavior of the boundary layer during such atmospheric activities, two days of field measurements were performed in summer 2008 using MAX (Mobile Alabama X-Band) radar, MIPS (Mobile Integrated Profiling System ) and M3V (Mobile Meteorological Measurements Vehicle) provided by University of Alabama in Huntsville. On 10th June we captured the lake breeze boundaries on both shores, cumulus cloud formation as well as convective initiation.

MIPS measurements were used for better understanding of the BL evolution during the passage of the lake breeze. Observations of MAX radar were paired with ARMOR for dual Doppler analysis. Therefore a 3 dimensional wind field of the lake breeze circulations was developed that provided information on kinematic and dynamic evolution of the lake breeze.

Analysis and results from this day is described in the presented study.

wrf recording  Recorded presentation

Session 11B, Results From Mid-Latitude Field Experiments
Thursday, 8 October 2009, 10:30 AM-12:00 PM, Room 18

Previous paper  Next paper

Browse or search entire meeting

AMS Home Page