The study shows the need for the overall evaluation and possible revision of environmental education programs, their funding and improvement in rural areas, as well as in the areas where the state's poor and minority populations reside. A major evaluation component examined the effectiveness of the in-service teacher training as provided by the LIFE program. In-service training activities and associated volunteer activities help to equip teachers, to stress the link between the students' daily lifestyle and the needs of the environment. Another evaluation component examined the direct effect on student learning through the components of environmental literacy, namely, cognitive knowledge, affective, behavior, and attitudes toward the environment.
Results of this study, using the environmental literacy components as dependent variables and the demographic characteristics of the participants as independent variables, were minimally statistically significant. Sixteen (16) of the 50 subscale components analyzed in this study, yielded statistically significant results. Eight of those 16 stemming from the Affective subscale. The results of this study may be used to illustrate what may result when EE programs are not designed and or implemented effectively.