87th AMS Annual Meeting

Wednesday, 17 January 2007
The GOES-R ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager) and continuation of GOES-N class sounder products
217D (Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center)
Timothy J. Schmit, NOAA/NESDIS, Madison, WI; and J. Gurka, J. Li, and K. Schrab
The next generation geostationary satellite series will offer a continuation of current products and services and enable improved and new capabilities. The Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) on next generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES)-R will improve upon the current GOES Imager with more spectral bands, faster imaging, higher spatial resolution, better navigation, and more accurate calibration. The ABI expands from five spectral bands on the current GOES imagers to a total of 16 spectral bands in the visible, near-infrared and infrared spectral regions. There will be an increase of the coverage rate leading to full disk scans at least every 15 minutes. ABI spatial resolution will be 2 km for 10 infrared (IR) spectral bands and 0.5 km for the 0.64 um visible band.

The current GOES filter-wheel sounders have provided quality broad-band hourly radiances and derived products over the continental U.S. (CONUS) and adjacent oceans for over 10 years. Current GOES Sounder operational products include: radiances, temperature and moisture profiles; Total Precipitable Water vapor (TPW); atmospheric stability indices, such as Lifted Index (LI); cloud-top properties and winds derived from the moisture-sensitive channels. The GOES-N sounder will continue this mission. The GOES-N/O/P instruments will be similar to the GOES-8/12 instruments, but will be on a different spacecraft bus. The new bus will allow improvements on both navigation and registration, as well as improved radiometrics.

Since the ABI acquisition process started earlier than HES and because of the complexity of the instrument suite, there is a possibility that the first satellite in the GOES-R series will fly without a HES. If, HES is delayed, then legacy products that are used by the NWS from the current GOES Sounder can be generated from ABI data. The needed ‘continuity' products (radiances, TPW, LI, skin temperature, clouds, and winds) from today's low-spectral resolution sounder can be compatibly provided by ABI. In general, the ABI has improved temporal and spatial attributes, while the GOES-N class sounder has improved accuracies on products. It is postulated that the ABI plus forecast information will be comparable to the GOES-N class sounder, yet the ABI plus forecast information will still be much worse than HES (with respect to information content). A HES-type capable sounder with faster scanning and high spectral resolution is needed for regional Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), surface emissivity, better nowcasting products, moisture profiles, moisture flux, better cloud heights, and many additional environmental applications.

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