89th American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting

Monday, 12 January 2009
Improved determination of surface and atmospheric temperatures using only shortwave AIRS channels
Hall 5 (Phoenix Convention Center)
Joel Susskind, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD; and J. Blaisdell
The Goddard DAAC has been analyzing AIRS/AMSU sounding data using the AIRS Science Team Version 5 retrieval algorithm. The AIRS Version 5 retrieval algorithm produces significantly better temperature profiles under more difficult cloud conditions than does the AIRS Version 4 algorithm, because, following theoretical considerations, it employs 15 micron CO2 tropospheric sounding channels only for the purpose of generating cloud cleared radiances for all AIRS channels, and determines temperature profiles using only 4.2 micron AIRS observations. This approach works equally well during both daytime and nighttime conditions. The AIRS Version 6 retrieval algorithm takes this approach one step further, and now also determines surface skin temperatures over both land and ocean, using only shortwave AIRS window channel cloud cleared radiances. Shortwave surface spectral emissivity and spectral bi-directional reflectance are solved for simultaneously along with the surface skin temperature. Longwave surface spectral emissivity is determined in a subsequent step using only AIRS longwave window channels, using the previously determined surface skin temperature. The methodology to do this will be described, and results will be presented demonstrating significant improvement in retrieved surface skin temperatures and surface spectral emissivities compared to those obtained using Version 5, both day and night.

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