Tuesday, 13 January 2009: 2:45 PM
Large Variability in Morphology, Hygroscopicity and Optical Properties of Soot Aerosols during Atmospheric Processing
Room 131B (Phoenix Convention Center)
The atmospheric effects of soot aerosols include interference with radiative transfer, visibility impairment, and alteration of cloud formation, and are highly sensitive to the manner by which soot is internally mixed with other aerosol constituents. We present experimental studies to show that soot particles acquire a large mass fraction of sulfuric acid during atmospheric aging, considerably altering their properties. Soot particles exposed to subsaturated sulfuric acid vapor exhibit a marked change in morphology, characterized by a decreased mobility-based diameter but an increased fractal dimension and effective density. These particles experience large hygroscopic size and mass growth at sub-saturated conditions (below 90% relative humidity, RH) and act efficiently as cloud condensation nuclei. Coating with sulfuric acid and subsequent hygroscopic growth enhance the optical properties of soot aerosols, increasing scattering by about ten-fold and absorption by nearly two-fold at 80% RH relative to fresh particles. In addition, condensation of sulfuric acid is shown to occur at a similar rate on ambient aerosols of various types of a given mobility size, regardless of their chemical compositions and microphysical structures. Representing an important mechanism of atmospheric aging, internal mixing of soot with sulfuric acid has profound implications on visibility, human health, and direct and indirect climate forcing.