Next, we characterize a range of potential management, infrastructure and policy adaptations that may be employed as part of the city and state's overall adaptation strategy. These may include changes in power dispatch rules to deemphasize the use of vulnerable system assets, the establishment of larger demand response incentives to reduce energy demand during extreme heat events and associated peak load demands, and strategies to promote the more rapid deployment of distributed generation technologies (including solar, on-site CHP technology, etc.) to both reduce demand on the grid and reduce site-specific system vulnerabilities. Infrastructure changes may include designs for more resilient systems with flood barriers around power plants adjacent to waterways or investment in additional transmission capacity to increase possibilities for rerouting power. Policy changes may focus on pricing strategies or other incentives or mandates to reduce overall energy consumption (e.g., peak load demand pricing), changes in land use practices to site power generation capacity in areas less vulnerable to flooding or extreme weather events, and requirements that utilities begin upgrading their transmission and distribution system to prepare for demand growth associated with changing temperature levels.
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