Sunday, 11 January 2009
Effects of Orography on the Genesis of Hurricane Javier (2004) in the Eastern Pacific Ocean
Phoenix Convention Center
Observational evidence shows that the Eastern Pacific Ocean is the most active region of tropical cyclone genesis in the world. In this study, we perform nested numerical experiments using the Weather Forecast and Research (WRF) model at resolutions of 24 km, 8 km, and 2.67 km to investigate the orographic effects on the genesis of Hurricane Javier (2004). In particular, we test the hypothesis that the formation of Hurricane Javier is due to the merging of the orographically modified African easterly waves by Central American mountains, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) embedded within the AEWs, and the MCSs induced by diurnal heating over the mountains. Effects of orography and moisture are studied by performing sensitivity experiments using WRF with the mountains removed and moisture reduced, respectively. Fundamental understanding of the tropical cyclogenesis over the eastern Pacific will be presented by comparing the results from the control experiments and sensitivity experiments with the satellite imagery.
This work is supported by a grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Educational Partnership Program (EPP) under the cooperative agreement NA06OAR4810187.