Simulation of the impact of new aircraft- and satellite-based ocean surface wind measurements on wind analyses and numerical forecasts
Timothy L. Miller, NASA/MSFC, Huntsville, AL; and R. Atlas, P. G. Black, S. S. Chen, L. Jones, C. S. Ruf, E. W. Uhlhorn, R. Amarin, S. El-Nimri, J. F. Gamache, C. D. Buckley, T. N. Krishnamurti, and C. M. Inglish
The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is a new airborne microwave remote sensor for hurricane observations that is currently under development by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, NOAA Hurricane Research Division, the University of Central Florida and the University of Michigan. HIRAD is being designed to enhance the real-time airborne ocean surface winds observation capabilities of NOAA and USAF Weather Squadron hurricane hunter aircraft currently using the operational airborne Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer (SFMR). Unlike SFMR, which measures wind speed and rain rate along the ground track directly beneath the aircraft, HIRAD will provide images of the surface wind and rain field over a wide swath (~ 3 x the aircraft altitude).
The present paper describes a set of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) in which measurements from the new instrument as well as those from existing instruments (air, surface, and space-based) are simulated from the output of a detailed numerical model, and those results are used to construct H*Wind analyses, a product of the Hurricane Research Division of NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. Evaluations will be presented on the impact of the HIRAD instrument on H*Wind analyses, both in terms of adding it to the full suite of current measurements, as well as using it to replace instrument(s) that may not be functioning at the future time the HIRAD instrument is implemented. Also shown will be preliminary results of numerical weather prediction OSSEs in which the impact of the addition of HIRAD observations to the initial state on numerical forecasts of the hurricane intensity and structure is assessed.
Session 9B, Experiments involving observations, real or hypothetical: data impact tests and observing system simulation experiments (OSSEs) III
Wednesday, 20 January 2010, 1:30 PM-2:30 PM, B306
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