The Second Phase of the Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE-2)

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Thursday, 21 January 2010: 2:15 PM
B216 (GWCC)
Randal D. Koster, NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD; and T. Yamada, S. Mahanama, Z. Guo, P. A. Dirmeyer, and B. J. J. M. Van den Hurk

A major motivation for the study of the coupled land-atmosphere system is the idea that soil moisture anomalies may affect future meteorological variables through their effects on future surface energy and water budgets. If true, the accurate initialization of soil moisture in a subseasonal or seasonal forecast system may improve forecast skill, making the forecast products more valuable to society. The GLACE-2 project is examining, through a coordinated experiment using a wide variety of models, the degree to which subseasonal (out to two months) precipitation and air temperature forecasts improve through the realistic initialization of soil moisture. For the first time ever, a global consensus should emerge regarding the value of land initialization for forecasts, perhaps motivating national forecast centers to make full use of land moisture initialization in their operations.