Orographic Effects On Tropical Cyclogenesis Over Eastern Pacific Ocean

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Sunday, 17 January 2010
Exhibit Hall B2 (GWCC)
Van Nguyen, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC; and Y. L. Lin and G. Tang

Observational evidence shows that the Eastern Pacific Ocean is the most active region of tropical cyclone genesis in the world. In this study, we perform nested numerical experiments using the Advanced Research Weather Forecast and Research (WRF-ARW) model at resolutions of 27 km, 9 km, and 3 km to investigate the orographic effects on the genesis of tropical cyclones in the Eastern Pacific Ocean. In particular, we test the hypothesis that the formation of hurricanes is due to the merging of the orographically modified African easterly waves (AEWs) by Central American Mountains, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) embedded within the AEWs, and the MCSs induced by diurnal heating over the mountains. Effects of orography and moisture are studied by performing sensitivity experiments using WRF with the mountains removed and moisture reduced, respectively. Fundamental understanding of tropical cyclogenesis of Hurricanes Javier (2004) and Fausto (2008) over the Eastern Pacific Ocean will be presented by comparing the results from the control experiments and sensitivity experiments with the satellite imagery.