92nd American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting (January 22-26, 2012)

Tuesday, 24 January 2012
Developing Operational Land Surface Temperature Product From Current GOES Satellites
Hall E (New Orleans Convention Center )
Yunyue Yu, NOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, MD; and D. Sun and L. Fang

Information on land surface temperature (LST) is important for understanding climate change, modeling the hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, and is a prime candidate parameter for Numerical Weather Prediction assimilation models. In particular, the LST data derived from geostationary operational environmental satellite (GOES) provides unique opportunity for studying LST diurnal variation. Current GOES LST at the U.S. NOAA NESDIS is an intermediate product derived from sounder data which is limited in resolution and accuracy. High resolution GOES LSTs with better accuracy are required from users such as the U.S. NCEP Weather forecast and data assimilation model. Further, the LSTs derived from GOES-East (centered at 750 W) and GOES-West (centered at 1350 W) may be significantly different because of algorithm inconsistency. In order to support the NOAA mission goals in climate, weather, and water, we are developing an operational LST product derived from measurements of the current GOES Imagers. Some features of the GOES LST product include 1) a consistent regression algorithm with coefficients determined through a regression tree approach, 2) high temporal resolution (30 minutes), 3) full Imager spatial resolution (4 km), 4) emissivity explicit formula, 5) the product will be available in full disk and CONUS scan modes. In this presentation we are showing the product development details and some validation results. The product will be available to public by the end 2012.

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