92nd American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting (January 22-26, 2012)

Tuesday, 24 January 2012: 11:45 AM
Polarimetric Phased Array Radar - Signal Sequence Considerations
Room 357 (New Orleans Convention Center )
Dusan S. Zrnic, NOAA/NSSL, Norman, OK; and V. Melnikov

Decorrelation of weather signals imposes limitation on the speed at which volumetric data can be interrogated. Dual polarization requirements add further to the dwell time per radial because current technology to achieve acceptable depolarization implies that the choice operational mode is likely to be alternate horizontal and vertical (AHV) transmission. Exasperating this is the requirement to cancel ground clutter as well as currently done on the national network of weather radars (WSR-88D). These issues are discussed and promising possibilities and compromises are explored. Errors in estimates of most vulnerable polarimetric variables are computed and means to decouple the Doppler moments from the correlation (complex) of horizontally and vertically polarized signals are proposed. These theoretical studies are applied to data from the new dual polarized WSR-88D radar. Although the radar operates in the simultaneous transmit/receive mode of H and V polarization a simple arrangement of such sequences easily mimics the AHV mode. It is on such data that the proposed procedures are applied. Possibilities of agile digitally formed beams and time domain filters to combat ground clutter are suggested.

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