Inland locations have a wide diurnal temperature range while the ocean and large estuarine waterways have a more moderate temperature range. Temperatures reached 39 degrees Celsius at central urban sites over several days and remained high in the evening due to the UHI effect. The UHI evolution varied between the two events both in spatial intensity and duration on account of wind speed and direction. Statistics on coastal temperature and wind variation improved based on COAMPS' 1km resolution capabilities that are not seen using the 12km resolution NAM model. The influence of the coastline on the wind is evident on a 1km resolution allowing the model to capture local meteorological behaviors such as sea breeze effects common to Long Island's South Shore. During the early summer June heat event, the South Shore coastline experienced a pronounced sea breeze effect that was substantially weaker during the late July heat event.
Additional efforts will be made to utilize the COAMPS model for different applications and multi-use projects within the NYC metropolitan area to further understand the behavior of local meteorology.