92nd American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting (January 22-26, 2012)

Wednesday, 25 January 2012
Atmospheric Motion Vectors Derived Via a New Nested Tracking Algorithm Developed for the GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI)
Hall E (New Orleans Convention Center )
Jaime M. Daniels, NOAA/NESDIS, Camp Springs, MD; and W. Bresky, S. Wanzong, and C. S. Velden

A new Atmospheric Motion Vector (AMV) nested tracking algorithm has been developed for the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) to be flown on the future GOES-R satellite. The algorithm has been designed to capture the dominant motion in each target scene from a family of local motion vectors derived for each target scene. Capturing this dominant motion is achieved through use of a two-dimensional clustering algorithm that segregates local displacements into clusters. The dominant motion is taken to be the average of the local displacements of points belonging to the largest cluster. This approach prevents excessive averaging of motion that may be occurring at multiple levels or at different scales that can lead to a slow speed bias and a poor quality AMV. A representative height is assigned to the dominant motion vector through exclusive use of cloud heights from pixels belonging to the largest cluster. This algorithm has been demonstrated to significantly improve the slow speed bias typically observed in AMVs derived from satellite imagery.

Details of the GOES-R ABI AMV algorithm and validation results will be presented and discussed.

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