Monday, 7 January 2013
Exhibit Hall 3 (Austin Convention Center)
Snow cover modulates energy and water fluxes at the surface due to its thermal and hydrologic characteristics (e.g., high albedo, low thermal conductivity and water holding capacity). Furthermore, given the fact that the snowpack is one of the most important freshwater reservoirs, understanding its spatial and temporal variations is crucial for hydrologic and climate studies. It has been demonstrated that radiance assimilation (RA), which assimilates passive microwave (PM) brightness temperature (Tb) observations directly into the land surface model (LSM), can be used to improve snow water equivalent (SWE) estimates compared to the assimilation of Tb-based SWE retrievals. In a RA, a radiative transfer model (RTM) is used as an observational operator to predict Tb observations. This study is a preliminary study that aims to assess the performance of the coupled LSM/RTM. In this study, the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4), a state of the art, distributed, physically based LSM, was coupled with two different RTMs, the Microwave Emission Model for Layered Snowpacks (MEMLS) and the Dense Media Radiative Transfer - Multi Layers model (DMRT-ML), to predict Tb of the snowpack. The effects of the atmosphere and vegetation on Tb at the top of the atmosphere were considered. The coupled models were evaluated for non-vegetated and vegetated areas using the data from the Ground-Based Passive Microwave Radiometer (GBMR-7) and Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer (PSR). Tb was also modeled at the continental scale and validated against the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) Tb observations.
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