14th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography


Observational and modelling studies of convective precipitation patterns in the Sahelian area

Samantha Melani, Institute of Biometeorology/National Research Council, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy; and M. Pasqui and A. Antonini

Sahelian convection, mostly organized in Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCS), is examinated through the full-resolution Meteosat Second Generation (MSG-1) satellite images; indeed, the high temporal resolution (every 15 minutes) of the SEVIRI radiometer onboard the geostationary satellite allows to track the cloud system along their overall life cycle. Coherent precipitation patterns are presented for the core (July-August) of two rainy seasons for the 2004-2005 period, with emphasis on a qualitative inspection of intraseasonal variability of the West Africa Monsoon (WAM). The longitudinal primary, but also the meridional distribution of rainfall, toghether with the zonal component of motion, are also investigated by means of suitable Hovmöller diagrams. The periodicity and phase of precipitation have been examinated through coherent patterns related to average satellite-based rainfall estimates within the diurnal cycle. Such observational studies, revealing essential in understanding the organization of convective activity, represent therefore a powerful tool for a full understanding of physical characterisation of WAM. Furthermore, in order to provide a dynamical description of monsoon mechanisms for both rainy seasons a Regional Reanalysis strategy has been developed based on Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) forced by NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis. The RAMS better physical description, with respect to the NCEP/NCAR dataset, along with its higher spatial resolution (50km), provide a coherent and reliable atmospheric dataset especially for what concerns surface – atmosphere interaction governing monsoon dynamics.wrf recording  Recorded presentation

Session 5, Climatology and Long-Term Satellite Studies: Part II
Tuesday, 31 January 2006, 11:00 AM-12:15 PM, A305

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