14th Joint Conference on the Applications of Air Pollution Meteorology with the Air and Waste Management Assoc


Retention of tracer gas from instantaneous releases of SF6 in an urban environment

J. C. Doran, PNNL, Richland, WA; and K. J. Allwine, K. L. Clawson, and R. G. Carter

Data from a series of instantaneous releases of SF6 tracer during the Joint Urban 2003 study in Oklahoma City have been analyzed to determine characteristic retention times for puffs in an urban environment. Results from nine real-time tracer detectors with a time response of 0.5 seconds were used in the analysis. Distances from the source ranged from less than 200 m to over 1 km. For each individual intensive operating period (IOP), the detector locations were adjusted so that, given the expected wind directions during the releases, the detectors would lie generally downwind of the release point. As a result, building characteristics upwind of the detectors varied from one IOP to the next. Animations of the tracer concentrations show clear evidence of channeling along street canyons approximately parallel to the prevailing wind directions, trapping in street canyons perpendicular to the flow, and other complex circulation patterns. Retention times for individual puffs ranged from a few minutes to over 20 minutes, with a strong mode in the distribution around 11 minutes. There was surprisingly little correlation with wind speed or direction. Comparisons with simple puff models are presented.

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Session 6, Urban Turbulent Transport And Dispersion Processes
Thursday, 2 February 2006, 11:00 AM-12:15 PM, A407

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