NOAA Observation Requirements Process—Foundation of the NOAA Observing Systems Architecture (Formerly Paper 14.3)
This requirements-based approach began a transition for NOAA away from a stove-piped, technology-driven, platform-oriented process and towards an integrated, user needs driven, end-to-end systems oriented architecture. NOAA developed a multi-phased observational requirements process to formally collect, verify, validate, annually update and manage environmental observing requirements, which is foundational to NOSA. NOAA observational requirements are being used as the foundation for observing system investment analyses, which are used to develop recommendations for budget and program planning, to focus NOAA research and technology initiatives on high-priority user requirements, and to aid in the transition of these initiatives into NOAA operations. This observation requirements process, initially focused on NOAA, has the capability to include the common observational needs of other users, such as the Department of Defense and other federal agencies, as well as international partners.