Ensuring Environmental Safety for Space Launch
Most weather support, in essence, is to assure safety of resources -- people and material. However, this paper addresses the team work required between the 45 Weather Squadron and two other organizations – the 45 Space Wing Range Safety Office and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the following areas:
(1) weather data input to models which in turn determine potential toxic hazard corridors for: ground processing operations, nominal launch operations, and catastrophic launch failures; (2) weather data required for the Range Safety model to forecast blast overpressure predictions in case of an accident; and (3) weather data input to models which in turn forecast potential radioactive fallout.
Type, source, and importance of weather data for each of these specific areas of support are described. The models used are discussed and examples of weather input requirements and the model output data are presented.