Session 4.3 The Fog Remote Sensing and Modeling (FRAM) field project and preliminary results

Monday, 10 July 2006: 4:00 PM
Ballroom AD (Monona Terrace Community and Convention Center)
Ismail Gultepe, Environment Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada; and S. G. Cober, G. A. Isaac, D. Hudak, P. King, P. Taylor, M. Gordon, P. Rodriguez, B. Hansen, and M. Jacob

Presentation PDF (1.5 MB)

The purpose of the Fog Remote Sensing And Modeling (FRAM) field project is to characterize fog formation, evolution, and dissipation in continental and marine environments, and then to use the derived results in numerical simulations. Phase 1 of the project took place during the winter of 2005-2006 in southern Ontario. Phase 2 of the project is taking place during the summer of 2006 in Nova Scotia along the Atlantic coast. These phases focus on winter continental fog and summer marine fog, respectively. Observations include droplet, ice, and aerosols sizes and concentrations from optical probes, visibility from a visibility meter, liquid water path from a microwave radiometers (MWR), and inferred fog properties such as mean volume diameter, liquid water content, number concentration, and liquid water path from satellites. The results will be used to develop microphysical parameterizations which could be incorporated in numerical forecast models. During the winter of 2005-2006, an increased frequency of fog formation was observed in southern Ontario relative to the 30-year climatology. It is suggested that the combination of snow on the surface during several rain events caused this increase in frequency. Rain falling on a snow surface resulted in a release of latent heat which caused evaporation of snow, higher boundary layer saturations, and fog formation. Overall, the mechanisms for fog formation, along with some model simulations using the derived microphysical parameterizations will be discussed.
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