In this study, we examine the simulation of the TEJ and the AEJ in the CCM3 in its coupled mode, now that the model functions as the atmospheric component of the CCSM. From this we may be able to infer characteristics of AEW activity, although individual waves are of a smaller time scale than that examined here. We investigate the performance of the model during three simulated decades (the 1980s, the 2030s and the 2080s) under the IPCC A1 scenario of future greenhouse gas concentrations. The 1980s are simulated to determine how well the model simulates a known climate state.
We find a general improvement in model performance during the simulated 1980s. The geographic distribution of rainfall is better simulated, especially off the west coast of Africa. Importantly, the bimodal distribution in West African monthly rainfall found in the uncoupled CCM3 has now been replaced by a more accurate single rainfall peak in August, although the totals are still less than those observed. This may indicate that AEWs are being resolved. The TEJ and AEJ (at 200 and 700 mb, respectively) are also better resolved, but still far from perfect. A potentially important result is that the AEJ strengthens by the 2030s but then weakens by the 2080s.
The behavior of AEWs are highly dependent on both the positions and strengths of the AEJ and TEJ, and instabilities in those jet streams. Because the simulated jet streams during the 1980s are still not being sufficiently well-captured, future investigations may study the modeling of factors that influence their development, such as meridional temperature gradients and soil moisture.