Observing and Understanding the Variability of Water in Weather and Climate


12 June 2002 Rapid Water Vapor Transitions During the IHOP Field Program

Wayne F. Feltz, CIMSS/Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; and D. Posselt, J. R. Mecikalski, G. S. Wade, and T. J. Schmit

The International H20 Project was conducted from May 13 - June 25, 2003 within Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas primarily to measure water vapor variability, convective initiation, and the atmospheric boundary layer. Satellite, aircraft and ground based instrument suites were deployed to measure meteorological parameters at relatively high temporal and vertical resolution. A suite of ground based instruments composed of radars, lidars, an interferometer, and in situ meteorological instrumentation was located at an abandoned homestead near Balko, Oklahoma to provide near realtime measurement of the atmospheric boundary layer and troposphere.

On June 12, 2002 a rapid oscillation within the water vapor field was measured by several instruments deployed at the homestead site within a six-hour time scale. The total precipitable water amount fluctuated by as much as 30% (1 cm) as measured by a Global Positioning System receiver while an AERI temperature and moisture profiling system indicated a rapid drying and moistening within the lower boundary layer with no reflection of this feature within the surface observations. Data will be presented indicating the magnitude and short time scale of the water fluctuation and some hypothesis regarding the genesis of this mesoscale water vapor feature. Results from an MM5 NWP simulation of this event indicate that the model exhibited some skill resolving this geographically small mesoscale water vapor oscillation. Output from the MM5 will be used to aid in diagnosis of the origin of this feature.

extended abstract  Extended Abstract (2.1M)

Poster Session 1, International H20 Project (IHOP)
Monday, 10 February 2003, 2:30 PM-2:30 PM

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