The ISBA and OUSoil land-surface schemes have been evaluated using extensive data sets collected from the Oklahoma Atmospheric Surface-layer Instrumentation System (OASIS) and Oklahoma Mesonet programs. OASIS is a newly developed observational system that collects, archives, and quality controls atmospheric, surface, and soil data in real-time from 90 sites across Oklahoma. Data has been collected since 1 January, 2000. For this study, several "golden" days were chosen from the spring, summer, and fall of 2000.
Standard weather, surface radiation and flux data, and soil temperature and moisture data were used to initialize, force, and evaluate the ISBA and OUSoil land-surface schemes. This study evaluates the performance of each scheme, and highlights the value of using observations to develop and improve model performance. One-dimensional, twenty-four hour model runs were tested, using OASIS, Mesonet, and NWS sounding data for initialization. In particular, soil temperature and moisture and surface-layer fluxes were evaluated. In general, more detailed attention to initialization and more physically-based model physics improved LSM results.