83rd Annual

Thursday, 13 February 2003
Microwave Simulations from Ground-based Soundings and Collocated Observations from Satellites: A Trial Study for DMSP/SSMIS Calibration/Validation
Ye Hong, The Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA; and J. Wessel and R. Farley
Poster PDF (148.2 kB)
The first Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS) is scheduled to be launched in October 2002. The SSMIS is a next-generation passive conically scanning microwave radiometer that combines both imaging and sounding capabilities of current operational instruments, SSM/I, SSM/T-1 and SSM/T-2. It also improves the capability of temperature sounding by providing profiles from the surface up to 70 km altitude with higher spatial resolutions (~37.5 for lower air and ~75 km for upper air). The SSMIS Calibration/Validation (Cal/Val) campaign is being conducted in order to verify performances of the instrument and retrieval algorithms.

Several dry-runs of SSMIS Cal/Val have been carried out to prepare for post-launch Cal/Val. One of them was conducted in April 2002. The primary objective was to evaluate the accuracy of radiative transfer calculations as a means of calibrating sounding channels. Temperature and water vapor profiles were measured by The Aerospace Corporation lidar at Barking Sands, Hawaii. Collocated and coincident data from SSM/I, SSM/T-1, SSM/T-2 and AMSU were collected by Aerospace personnel at Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). Temperature and water vapor profiles from operational radiosonde network as well as numerical meteorological forecast models were also gathered to provide broader spatial and temporal coverage. Radiative transfer calculations have been performed to generate simulated brightness temperatures. Simulations from lidar and radiosonde measured atmospheric profiles were compared with collocated and coincident observations from SSM/I, SSM/T-1 and SSM/T-2. Comparison results will be presented at the conference.

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