11th Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography


Evaluating the potential impact of the assimilation of satellite derived products on a mesoscale forecast of PACific landfalling JETs experiment (PACJET) IOP 10

Michael C. Morgan, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; and K. La Casse, D. T. Kleist, H. M. Kim, J. G. McLay, D. J. Posselt, J. R. Mecikalski, C. S. Velden, and D. Stettner

The PACific landfalling JETs (PACJET) field experiment took place in January - February 2001 and was designed to study and monitor the effects of strong subtropical and polar jets coming ashore in the western United States and Canada on weather forecasts. The jet features often contribute to the development of significant storms or heavy precipitation events over the US, but remain poorly observed having their origin over the eastern North Pacific Ocean. Satellite observations remain one of the only means of continuously monitoring these phenomena. In support of PACJET, the GOES rapid scan WINDs EXperiment (GWINDEX) was initiated at the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), University of Wisconsin - Madison, providing hourly high-resolution satellite-derived winds over the PACJET domain. This information, along with GOES temperature and moisture profiles, has the potential to greatly improve the analyses and short term forecasts of these jet features if carefully assimilated into high-resolution initial conditions for NWP.

This poster will address the following: 1) using the MM5 adjoint modeling system, assess the sensitivity of forecast errors to initial conditions errors for selected PACJET IOPS, using the MM5 adjoint modeling system, 2) evaluate the impact on 1-6 day numerical predictions of US weather after assimilating GWINDEX winds along with GOES temperature and moisture profiles, as well as aircraft data collected during PACJET, 3) assess the impact these data have on short-term precipitation forecasts over western North America during the PACJET experiment, and 4) suggest optimal methods for assimilating these data into NWP models. The satellite data used for this project will mainly come from the GOES-10 imager and sounder. All satellite data will be assimilated using the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) MM5 adjoint modeling system's four-dimensional variational data assimilation system.

The conference presentation will consist of an analysis of dual simulations of MM5 over the US for several IOPs during PACJET: one simulation set using satellite and aircraft assimilated data, and the other initialized without these data. A statistical assessment of forecast accuracy improvements, as well as measures of specific data-type impacts on the forecasts will be provided.

extended abstract  Extended Abstract (608K)

Poster Session 3, Operational Applications
Tuesday, 16 October 2001, 9:15 AM-11:00 AM

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